A Kennesaw Podiatrist Take on Toe Surgery

Podiatrist Marietta

Toe pain can slow anyone down, which is why we are here to help! Our surgeons are trained in a variety of conservative and surgical treatment options for toe pain treatment. Schedule an appointment with us, and we can review all of your options.


Toe Evaluation

Hammer toe: sagital plane deformity that involves dorsiflexion at the MTPJ, plantarflexion at the PIPJ, and dorsiflexion at the DIPJ
Claw toe: sagittal plane deformity that involves dorsilfexion of the MTPJJ and planartflexion of the PIPJ, as well as plantarflexion at the DIPJ
Static vs. Dynamic
Flexible vs. Rigid
Congenital vs. Acquired

Causes of Toe Deformities

Flexor Stabilization of the Toe

Most common cause of digital deformities

FDL gains mechanical advantage over the interossei

Clinically, excessive gripping of toes in stance

Often see adductovarus 4th and 5th digits


Flexor Substitution of the Toe

Least common cause of digital deformity

Present when the triceps surae is weak

Can be seen after excessive TAL


Extensor Substitution of the Toe

EDL gains mechanical control over lumbricales

Seen in Pes Cavus or Neuromuscular diseases

Extensors fire longer and more intensely

No varus rotation

Toes always clawed


Non-mechanical change of the Toe

Usually appear in isolation 

Typically static in nature

Often 2/2 to long toe with retrograde shoe pressure

Toe Surgery Selection for Hammertoes

Toe Arthroplasty: removing pieces of bone to allow for proper range of motion

Toe Arthrodesis: fusing the painful joint to prevent recurrence and provide a more stable lever arm

Toe Tenotomy: releasing the tendons or capsule that are causing the deformity

Toe Tendon Transfer: releasing and moving tendons to change the pull on the toe joints


Give us a call to schedule your next appointment!



McGlamry's comprehensive textbook of foot and ankle surgery, E Dalton McGlamryJoe T Southerland. Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health, ©2012

Ryan Goldfine, DPM Dr. Ryan Goldfine is a board certified foot and ankle surgeon. He is a Marietta Podiatrist.

You Might Also Enjoy...

When Should I See a Podiatrist?

Taking care of your feet may start with proper hygiene and shoes, but foot and ankle pain or discomfort should be closely monitored and treated. If you notice changes or pain in your feet, you may need to see a Podiatrist. It is not normal to have pain or

Orthotics are Good For Your Feet

Custom orthotics can relieve your pain. Custom orthotics should never cost you more than $800! For good over-the-counter orthotics (orthotics you can receive the same day), you should not have to pay more than $70 per pair!

Foot callus? Foot Corn? Foot wart?

What’s the difference between corns, calluses, and warts? Some people may find it difficult to differentiate between corns, calluses, and warts. Corns and calluses are caused by excess pressure on your feet when walking or standing.

Heel Spur Cure

If you experience heel pain that doesn’t seem to go away, please reach out to our office. At Ankle & Foot Centers of Georgia - West Cobb in Marietta, Georgia, Ryan Goldfine, DPM and Shaynah Goldfine, DPM offer surgical and nonsurgical treatment options.

A Podiatrist's Summer Foot Care Guide

Summer is great for a variety of reasons! More ice cream, vacations, going to the beach, relaxing by the pool, and school is out! While out having a good time, it is still important to take proper care of your feet!